Electrical casting materials refer to a kind of epoxy insulating materials used for casting insulating parts, transformers or dry transformers. Its formula adopts thermal curing system of epoxy resin anhydride, in which the bisphenol A epoxy resin is used most, and it enjoys many advantages such as excellent manufacturability, high strength of cured product, corrosion resistance and electrical properties. However, problems such as high viscosity, limited powder addition ratio, insufficient heat resistance and weather resistance always occur due to technological restrictions and use environment of terminal products. The epoxy bond of the cycloaliphatic epoxy resins is directly connected to alicyclic structure, which could improve the crosslinking density of the cured substance significantly, thereby improving heat and weather resistance and electrical insulation. In addition, the viscosity of the cycloaliphatic epoxy resins is extremely low, which contributes to the significant dilution effect. Therefore, cycloaliphatic epoxy resins can make up for the deficiency of bisphenol A epoxy resins applied in the electrical casting materials system. The combination of both materials can improve manufacturability, as well as making terminal electrical insulation products safer.
1.1 Basic information
1.2 Specifications and parameters
Colorless and transparent liquid
100 APHA max
50 APHA max
50 APHA max
100 ppm max
Cycloaliphatic epoxy resin
Anhydride curing agent
Elongation at break
100℃×2hr + 140℃×2hr + 180℃×1hr
3.1 Test materials: TTA21P/128
3.2 Conclusion: As shown in Figure 1, with the increase of TTA21P addition ratio, the system viscosity decreases rapidly, which reflects the obvious dilution effect of TTA21P.
4.1 Test materials and curing conditions: TTA21P/128/ MHHPA/ BDMA and 100℃×2h+140℃×2h+180℃×1h.
4.2 Conclusion: As shown in Figure 2, with the increase of TTA21P addition ratio, Tg value of the cured product increases significantly, which reflects that TTA21P can improve the heat resistance of the material significantly.
5.1 Test materials and curing conditions: TTA21P/128/ MHHPA/ BDMA and 100℃×2h+140℃×2h+180℃×1h.
5.2 Conclusion: When the addition ratio of TTA21P increases gradually within the range of 0%~30%, the impact strength and tensile strength of the material increase continuously, while the bending strength increases first and then decreases (peaking at about 20%).
In conclusion, the optimal comprehensive performance can be obtained when the addition ratio of cycloaliphatic epoxy resins TTA21P is within the range of 10%~30%. The specific ratio of specialty epoxy resins should be determined based on various indicators and requirements of the complete formula.